(Not) Forgotten

Settler Colonial Memory and Agamben’s Camp in Indigenous Minnesota

  • E. Ornelas
    University of Minnesota


In Minneapolis, Minnesota, the Franklin/Hiawatha encampment was established in the summer of 2018 only to be forcibly terminated during the winter of 2019, then revived again in 2020. Also called the “Wall of Forgotten Natives” by its inhabitants, this cluster of tents was comprised of houseless residents of the Twin Cities, many of whom were Native American. Recognizing the continued murder, dispossession, removal, forced assimilation, under-resourcing, and invisibility of Indigenous peoples, the moniker “Wall of Forgotten Natives” seems apt. Considering Agamben’s idea of the camp as a space of exclusion that is included within the purview of law, this essay argues that the camp is also a designation of what is forgotten, or what is excluded from settler memory, yet paradoxically included within the settler prerogative of elimination.

Published: 2021-07-20
Pages:1 to 16
Section: Articles
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How to Cite
Ornelas, E. (2021). (Not) Forgotten: Settler Colonial Memory and Agamben’s Camp in Indigenous Minnesota. International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies, 14(1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcis.v14i1.1770 (Original work published February 24, 2021)