Influential choices: deconstructing operationalisations of Indigeneity in survey-based education research using an example from Peru

  • Miriam Broeks
    University of Cambridge
  • Ricardo Sabates Aysa
    University of Cambridge

Abstract

Indigeneity is a complex social construct that can be defined in multiple ways using diverse markers
traditionally based on the characteristics of individuals. Survey-based studies have used language,
self-identification or location information to operationalise Indigeneity. Yet, as suggested by Walter
and Andersen (2013), Gillborn et al. (2018) and others, few scholars reflect on how the Indigeneity
variable is specified and whether this operationalisation may impact results. This article examines
this issue empirically using the case of Indigeneity in Peru. First, survey-based empirical studies are
identified to explore the ways in which Indigeneity has been operationalised. Then, using the Young
Lives study, we present diverse operationalisations of Indigeneity and outline how these may lead to different educational outcomes for children. We show that quantitative researchers using surveybased data should engage more deeply with different operationalisations of Indigeneity as these can lead to different educational outcomes for children categorised as Indigenous.

Published: 2022-05-05
Pages:1 to 21
Section: Early Release Articles
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How to Cite
Broeks, M., & Sabates Aysa, R. (2022). Influential choices: deconstructing operationalisations of Indigeneity in survey-based education research using an example from Peru. International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies, 14(2), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcis.2193 (Original work published May 3, 2022)