Unsettling Settler-Colonialism in Words and Land:
A Case Study of Far Northern California
This article looks at two case studies of unsettling settler-colonialism in the far north of California: the inclusion of Yurok language electives in public high school, and land return to the Wiyot Tribe. These two cases demonstrate repertoires of Indigenous resistance to historic and ongoing culturecide—the killing of culture—and show what unsettling settler-colonialism looks like in the region. I argue that each of these two events—acts of Indigenous voice-raising and place-making— constitute forms of resistance to ongoing erasure of Indigenous peoples in settler-colonized spaces. Concretely, both Yurok language course inclusion in public schools, and land return of Duluwat Island to the Wiyot Tribe disrupt patterns of culturecide and promote new kinds of settler-Indigenous relations in the region.